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Statement at the Security Council Open Debate on the Reform of UN Peacekeeping

Mr President,

Thank you for convening today's open debate. Estonia also aligns itself with the statement by the European Union.

We remain committed to Sec Gen Guterres's reform agenda. Reforms should take us to more effective UN, with clear emphasis on conflict prevention and mediation.

Our peacekeeping operations must have tangible targets and exit strategies. To be effective, the operations must have built-in flexibility, as the surrounding situation is inevitably volatile.

The best information about the changing needs come from our mission commanders and other field entities. Applying their suggestions guarantees automatic adaptation to the changes on the ground. In addition, listening to those on the field and taking into account what they have to say is good to the motivation of our people. We need those with courage to reach out to decision makers. These people are only with us if we respond in a receptive manner. Thus, we create a positive circuit of adaptation necessary to achieve our objectives.

To achieve sustainable peace, partnership with regional organizations, host governments and local communities is essential. It is best done by demonstrating day after day how important it is for us to protect civilians, assure the sustainability of the rule of law, respect of human rights and international law and involving the local actors in supporting these core values.

Peacekeeping operations need to be complemented with activities aimed at effectively improving the living conditions of the affected populations, including the quick implementation of effective and visible projects that create jobs and deliver basic social services in the post-conflict phase.

It is our utmost responsibility to implement all measures to protect children in Mission Areas. All mechanisms to support women's full participation in peace and security are vital and must be implemented. 20.09.2017

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December 2016

October 2016